In fact, the amount of China’s payment of contributions in these years has been leapfrogging. From the perspective of growth rate, it is ahead of the GDP growth rate. The old United Nations membership fee is the United States, and has not been on the list of full contributions in these years.
Not yet in the New Year, the United Nations is in a hurry to pay for it.
On October 8, Wang Min, the Chinese Deputy Permanent Representative to the United Nations, stated at the United Nations that he opposed any practice of treating China differently from other developing countries in terms of the United Nations regular budget scale and would not accept calculation methods that exceeded China’s ability to pay. "The fees paid by China will be paid in a timely and full amount, and no one will be less."
The remarks were directed at the recommendations of the United Nations Committee on Contributions, Greebel, and Comptroller Bachotas, on the 2016-2018 United Nations regular budget scale. To put it simply, the UN officials want China to pay more.
This is naturally unfair to China. After all, the status of China's developing countries has not changed. Moreover, in terms of the total amount, the amount of China’s contribution to the United Nations is not small: the figure for 2015 was $139 million, which has surpassed many developed countries and the amount paid is the sixth among all countries. In India and South Africa, respectively, 18 million and 10 million, and Brazil is still in arrears.
Of course, the old United Nations membership fee is the United States. In 2015, its contribution amount was 650 million US dollars, but no one expected it to pay the money. After all, in the past few years, the United States has never been on the list of full contributions.
In fact, the amount of China’s payment of contributions in these years has been leap forward – in 2004 it was 41 million, in 2008 it was 48 million, it became 75 million in 2012, and in 2014 it became 130 million, from the growth rate. Look, it can be said that it is ahead of the GDP growth rate. A comparable figure is that in 2014, China's Tibet Autonomous Region's public finance revenue just exceeded 10 billion yuan. If the standards of developed countries are used to collect UN membership fees, it is not scientific for China's uneven development.
What are the consequences if the United Nations is in arrears? The answer is, if the arrears are skillful, like the United States, the United Nations can’t do what you can. There are not many countries that have reached the red line in arrears. The United Nations will publish on the website every year. It seems that these countries have been fighting for years, or they are extremely poor, or they simply do not have an organized government.
Article 19 of the Charter of the United Nations stipulates that “all Member States that are in arrears with the financial resources of the Organization shall lose their right to vote in the General Assembly if their number of arrears equals or exceeds the amount payable in the previous two years. The reason is that it is indeed possible for the Member State to vote because of circumstances beyond the control of the Member State. In 2015, five countries belonged to this situation. Of course, the United Nations also gave a face to the face of the “uncontrollable situation”. The four countries of Moro, Guinea-Bissau, Sao Tome and Principe and Somalia retain their voting rights, and the only one who is deprived of voting rights is Yemen.
Then, how is the payment ratio of UN membership fees determined? At present, there is no set of public formulas to explain that the assessment of contributions is reached after consultations among Member States. The United Nations membership fee also has a maximum and minimum assessment limit. Starting in 1974, the maximum assessment limit cannot exceed 25% of the entire budget, and the minimum cannot be less than 0.001%. At present, the United States has a 22% share, and 35 countries have a minimum contribution of 0.001%. Countries generally adopt a tax exemption policy for the salaries of United Nations employees, which is counted as a way of deducting contributions.
Is the development of arrears due to developed countries like the United States really because of financial difficulties? Of course not. In the first 20 years of the founding of the United Nations, when the United States was able to maintain its dominant position in the United Nations, it basically supported the United Nations finances. In addition to paying its dues and peacekeeping assessments on time, it also subscribed for $100 million in United Nations public debt and provided A considerable amount of voluntary contributions. However, with the failure of the United States to command the United Nations, the United States has turned to its largest United Nations-funded country and adopted arrears and refusal to pay its dues and peacekeeping costs in an attempt to regain its dominance within the United Nations.
As for China’s annual increase in United Nations contributions, what are the benefits? The most immediate benefit is that more people are sent to the United Nations organizations. The current Secretariat’s job allocation system stipulates that 55% of the total number of posts is distributed according to the country’s contribution scale. . At present, the number of Chinese nationals in the staff of the United Nations Secretariat is still relatively small. However, the United Nations recruits employees through examinations. If the United Nations examinations are not passed, it will be useless if the country allocates a large number of places. In fact, the United Nations staff of Chinese nationality are far from reaching the rated number.
Since the restoration of the legal seat in the United Nations in 1971, the proportion of China’s contribution to the United Nations has experienced a rise and then rise, with three distinct turning points: in 1974, the membership fee rose from 4% in 1971 to 5.5%. In 1980, the membership fee dropped sharply, from 5.5% to 1.62%, and reached a minimum of 0.72% in 1995. In 1996, it was fine-tuned to 0.74%, and then increased year by year and the growth rate was fast, until the current session of the UN General Assembly. 5.148%.
In 1974, China was in the initial stage after returning to the United Nations. In view of the influence of the international environment at the time, China was more cautious about the work of the United Nations, with a greater symbolicity, and selectively participated in some UN specialized agencies. China only regards the United Nations as an important stage for striving for and uniting the third world to fight for legitimate rights and interests and to carry out joint anti-American and anti-hegemonic struggles. Therefore, it has voluntarily increased the proportion of United Nations contributions.
Since the reform and opening up in 1978, China has established a basic line centered on economic construction, adopted a prudent and pragmatic foreign policy, and began to actively deal with the international community. However, due to the influence of the Cold War at that time and the concentration of domestic efforts to engage in economic construction, the activities of participating in the United Nations were subject to objective conditions, and thus the phenomenon of a decrease in the proportion of contributions was observed.
After the end of the Cold War, the Chinese economy has achieved remarkable achievements after 20 years of rapid development, and at the same time has a deeper understanding of the international community. China began to establish a responsible big country image in its foreign exchanges including the activities of the United Nations, stressed its contribution to the international community, and began to increase the proportion of the United Nations assessments by a rapid increase.